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Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. To make a full stop after flesh and start a new sentence for the doxology is very abrupt and awkward. But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect.

How do I know that He will come through for me? No; instead, they are not all governed by God who are of Israel. Paul shows that merely being the descendant of Abraham saves no one.

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For example, Ishmael was just as much a son of Abraham as Isaac was; but Ishmael was a son according to the flesh, and Isaac was a son according to the promise At this time I will come and Sarah will have a son. Isaac stands for the children of the promise and Ishmael stands for the children of the flesh. The choice was made before they were born. That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls : So we do not think that God chose Jacob over Esau because He knew their works in advance, Paul points out that it was not of works. Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls.

The older shall serve the younger : God announced these intentions to Rebecca before the children were born, and He repeated His verdict long after Jacob and Esau had both passed from the earth Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated. We should regard the love and the hate as regarding His purpose in choosing one to become the heir of the covenant of Abraham.

All in all, we see that Esau was a blessed man Genesis , Genesis God hated Esau in regard to inheriting the covenant, not in regard to blessing in this life or the next. My trouble is to understand how God could love Jacob. He has a plan and a reason. What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! Paul answers this question strongly: Certainly not! God clearly explains His right to give mercy to whomever He pleases in Exodus I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy : Remember what mercy is.

Mercy is not getting what we do deserve. God is never less than fair with anyone, but fully reserves the right to be more than fair with individuals as He chooses.

The Gospel

Jesus spoke of this right of God in the parable of the landowner in Matthew If God is obliged to show mercy, then it is not mercy — it is obligation. No one is ever unfair for not giving mercy. For this very purpose I have raised you up : God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself.

We should not think that God persuaded an unwilling, kind-hearted Pharaoh to be hard towards God and Israel. He hardens : We know that Pharaoh did harden his own heart, according to Exodus , , , , , , and For who has resisted His will? I will take pity on whom I will.

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For who can oppose his will? Witness of the Prophets.

Righteousness Based on Faith. That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have achieved it, that is, righteousness that comes from faith; x 31 but that Israel, who pursued the law of righteousness, did not attain to that law? Because they did it not by faith, but as if it could be done by works. At the same time, he discourages both complacency and anxiety on the part of Gentiles. To those who might boast of their superior advantage over Jews, he warns that their enjoyment of the blessings assigned to Israel can be terminated. He would willingly undergo a curse himself for the sake of their coming to the knowledge of Christ Rom ; cf.

Lv — We need to see it in its relationship with friends, family, work colleagues, neighbors, and classmates. We need to see it in its attitude toward possessions, obligations, and responsibilities, and the use of time and resources. If we agree with the view of S. Is Jesus Lord of your thoughts? Is Jesus Lord of your emotions?

Is Jesus Lord of your speech, of your relationships, of your possessions?

Enduring Word Bible Commentary Romans Chapter 9

Is Jesus Christ Lord of your whole life? What must a person do in order for Jesus Christ to be Lord of his life? Such an important question requires more than a surface answer. I can think of no better example of total surrender than F. He was a Baptist preacher and pastor of Christ Church in the heart of London in the nineteenth century.

In the midst of a successful ministry, F. Meyer confessed that something was lacking in his life and ministry. Meyer has told us that his early Christian life was marred and his ministry paralyzed just because he had kept back one thing from the bunch of keys he had given to the Lord.

Every key save one! The key of one room was kept for personal use, and the Lord shut out. The effect of the incomplete consecration was found in lack of power, lack of assurance, lack of joy and peace. The joy of the Lord begins when we hand over the last key.

We sit with Christ on His throne as soon as we have surrendered our crowns, and made Him sole and only ruler of our life and its possessions. Meyer experienced the lordship of Jesus Christ when he handed over the last key. He had kept back the key to one room in his life and it brought great defeat. Remember, if He is not Lord of all of every room , then He is not Lord at all. Have you yielded keys to every room in your life? Does He have the key to every room in your private life? There is a second element to yielding our lives to the Lord.

In addition to absolute surrender , there must also be an acknowledgment of His ownership. We are not our own. We were bought at a price.


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We belong to Jesus. We are His purchased possession. When a person yields to the lordship of Jesus Christ, he or she acknowledges His ownership and gives up his or her personal rights. Yielding to the lordship of Jesus Christ also involves total and unreserved obedience.

If He is the Lord of your life, you are going to do what He tells you to do.

Is Individual Election to Salvation Taught in Romans Nine?

The Word of the Lord came to Elijah, and he did what God told him to do. Several times God spoke and Elijah obeyed. He did precisely what God told him to do as soon as God told him to do it. Remember that delayed obedience is the same as disobedience. Lordship involves obedience. Are you doing what the Lord has instructed you to do? Are you doing it immediately and exactly? Are you obeying God?

Stephen Olford recounts a wonderful story about an incident in the life of his friend and mentor, Graham Scroggie. Scroggie was speaking at the Keswick Convention in England on one occasion when he was approached by a young woman who had been greatly stirred by his message on the Lordship of Christ. Opening the Bible to Acts , Dr. You will remember that God had given Peter a vision of a sheet in which were all manner of four-footed animals, wild beasts, creeping things, and birds of the air.

For some time she struggled. Then he returned. Looking over her shoulder, he saw a tear-stained page. She was now His disciple, and He was her Lord and Master. What a powerful story!